CNS

The central nervous system (CNS) is made up of the brain, the spinal cord, and the optic nerves. The central nervous system controls thought processes, guides movement, and registers   sensations throughout the body.

Fast facts on the central nervous system

  •  The brain is the most complex organ in the body and uses 20% of the total oxygen we breathe in.

  •  The CNS is often divided into white and gray matter.

  •  The brain consists of an estimated 100 billion neurons, with each connected to thousands more.

  •  CNS support cells, called glial cells, outnumber neurons 10 to 1.

  •  The brain can be divided into four lobes: temporal, parietal, occipital and frontal.

  •   Circuits within the spinal cord are capable of controlling motor coordination without input from  the brain.

  •   The brain makes up around 2% of a human's entire weight.

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